Salaam: A Comeback to Tajweed


Asalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatu Allahi Ta’ala Wa Barakatuh.


24 February 2013 marks the last time I posted on this site, and wasn’t that just such a long time ago?

SubhanAllah how time flies by, and to say I’ve put my little tajweed corner of the internet on the back burner is an understatement. For almost FIVE years I have left this blog nearly untouched, only rarely logging in to moderate comments and reply to some emails.

May Allah reward all those who’ve thought of me, emailed asking if everything is ok, and kept regularly coming back. And may Allah reward all those who regularly come to my site in search of knowledge to better themselves and their relationship with the Quran.

To fill you in, because I know so many are wondering where I’ve gone, by the grace of Allah I finished my university studies, completed half my deen, and have since been blessed with a daughter – may Allah ‘azza wa jall make her and all Muslim children pious and close to Him.

I think it is long overdue that I get back into my tajweed especially with the fast approach of Ramadan 1439, we all need to begin (or re-establish) our relationship with the Quran.

You will notice in the coming months, inshaAllah, that the site will be updated to have a fresher look, and to fix tajweed errors you kind people have pointed out to me, plus to fix any issues with images/general aesthetics. But here’s something I need from you: I need your advice on how to maintain the website.

I currently have two options:

  1. Upgrade the website to a Premium WordPress plan so that I can utilise more of the functions WordPress makes available (eg. more storage, potential to add audio, etc.)
  2. Keep the site on a Personal plan and keep it simple and effective at it currently is

With both options however, there are costs associated with maintaining the site, and I have to make the difficult decision of allowing advertising on the website to cover these costs, or ask for donations. So I’m asking you to tell me what you believe is the better option because I want you, my site visitors, to feel comfortable and welcome every time you visit! Please leave a comment below letting me know your thoughts.


InshaAllah until things get rolling, I’m sending out to you all my well wishes and encouragement to join me again as we delve back into this beautiful sea of knowledge which is deserving of so much more of our time and effort.


Jazakum Allahu khair,

Sister Fatimah 🌷




Raa’: tafkheem & tarqeeq

If you tend to find yourself doing near-opposite things every other moment, or completely lost from time to time, then get in touch with Raa’. In one word it’s mufakham, and another it’s muraqqaq.. And in some, it just can’t make up it’s mind on what to do.

This post is technically meant to be titled “levels of tafkeem: part 3”. But with the letter raa’, I decided to drop this title, because there’re really only 2 options: tafkheem or tarqeeq – there’s no in between (in terms of strength). Let’s begin.

The Tafkheem and Tarqeeq of Raa’

First, the letter raa’ exists in two cases: mutatarref and ghayr mutatarref.

The raa’ al-mutatarrefis the raa’ that exists at the end of a word.

The raa’ ghayr mutatarref: is the raa’ that exists in the middle, or beginning of a word.

Let’s look at the rulings for the raa’ ghayr mutatarref.

The Tafkheem of Raa’ Ghayr Mutatarref

There are 7 cases which you must pronounce the raa’ with tafkheem.

1. If the raa’ has a fat-ha on it, such as in the examples:

rahmati rabbik


2. If the raa’ has a dammah on it, such as in the examples:



roohul qudus

3. If the raa’ has a sukoon on it, but follows a fat-ha, such as in the examples:




4. If the raa’ has a sukoon on it, but follows a dammah, such as in the examples:

bi qurbaan


wa qur’aan

5. If the raa’ has a sukoon on it, following a kasrah, but preceding an istilaa’ letter which has a fat-ha or dammah on it. This occurs 5 times in the Quran, as follows:



wa irsaad



6. If the raa’ has a sukoon on it, and follows “kasr ‘aarid“, such as in the examples:




Here note, a “kasr ‘aarid” is the kasrah that is pronounced to start a word with a hamzatul wasl, and is dropped to connect a preceding word.

7. If the raa’ has a sukoon on it, and follows a “kasr mufassal“, as in the examples:



Here note, a “kasr mufassal” is the kasrah produced by connecting the preceding word with the saakin raa’ (dropping the hamzatul wasl).

The Tareeq of Raa’ Ghayr Mutatarref

There are 2 cases which you must pronounce the raa’ ghayr mutaterref with taqeeq.

1. If the raa’ has a kasrah underneath it, such as in the examples:


min ghayrikum

min amrinaa

2. If the raa’ has a sukoon on it, and follows kasr asli (a letter, not hamzatul wasl, with a kasrah underneath it).

wa jaa'a firwanu

wa jaa’a fir‘awnu





The Exception for Raa’ Ghayr Mutatarref

One instance which the raa’ ghayr mutaterref can be mufakham or muraqqaq (whatever is easier for the reader) is in the word:


from surat Al-Shu‘araa’, verse 63. This happens when the raa’ follows a kasr asli, and precedes a istilaa’ letter which has kasr underneath it. It is up to the reader to do tafkheem or tarqeeq, whether stopping after the word, or continuing recitation.

The Tafkheem of the Raa’ Al-Mutatarref

There are 4 cases which you must pronounce the raa’ with tafkheem. Here I say, “saakin raa’” because it is assumed you are stopping on the word.

1. If the saakin raa’ follows a fat-ha, such as in the examples:




2. If the saakin raa’ follows an alif, such as in the example:


3. If the saakin raa’ follows a dammah, such as in the example:


4. If the saakin raa’ follows a waaw madeeyah, such as in the example:


The Tareeq of Raa’ Al-Mutatarref

There are 2 cases which you must pronounce the raa’ al-mutaterref with taqeeq.

1. If the saakin raa’ follows a yaa’ madeeyah, such as in the examples:



2. If the saakin raa’ follows kasr asli (a letter, not hamzatul wasl, with a kasrah underneath it). Examples:



Here note, if the letter before the raa’ has a sukoon on it, the letter before that is considered.

Exceptions for Raa’ Al-Mutatarref

1. When the letter raa’ follows an istilaa’ letter with a sukoon on it, which follows a kasrah, the reciter has the choice to pronounce the saakin raa’ with tafkheem or tarqeeq. Take special note, this is only the case when stopping on the word. This happens in two instances in the Quran. The words are:



2. When the letter yaa’ from the original make up of the word is eliminated (for grammatical purposes), the saakin raa’ may be said with tafkheem or tarqeeq. This happens in the words:

an asri


where the original word is (yusuree: in arabic).

For the same reason, saying the raa’ with tafkheem or tarqeeq is allowed for the word nuthur when it is preceded by a waaw, occuring six times in surat Al-Qamar:

The original make up of this word is (nuthuree: nuthuree in arabic).

To conclude today’s post, I’ll reiterate an important note: If you are continuing recitation, then the raa’ al-mutatarref is said with tafkheem if it has a fat-ha or dammah on it, and is said with tarqeeq if it has a kasrah underneath it.

Now head over to surat Al-Fajr and Al-Qamr to practice. Connect verses, and stop at others to see what rulings you come across! 🙂 And remember, avoid the tikraar (repetition) of the letter raa’ 🙂

Resources link:

– Sifaatul Aaridah – Tafkheem