heesbees

All for Quran & Tajweed

Al-Madd Al-‘Aarid Lil Sukoon April 17, 2011

NOTE: if you are new to the website, please click here for a brief guide.

Have you ever been in those situations where an awkward silence is bound to happen? And when it does, it feels as though time stretches tenfold? Check out what happens to this stretchy prolongation when it hits a short silence (sukoon)!

https://i2.wp.com/blog.jalbum.net/blog/jalbum/resource/tips/interior_photography_m.jpg

Al-Madd Al-‘Aarid Lil Sukoon[1]: temporary prolongation occurs only at the end of an ayah (or when stopping after a word) that has a harf madd in it (ا    or     ي     or    و). There are certain conditions to this madd, these are as follow.

-The harf madd should be the 2nd last letter in the word

-The sukoon is found in stopping on [the sound of] the last letter of the word

-The harf madd must not have a fat-ha, dammah or kasra on it, e.g. ( يـَ   or   يـِ   or  يـُ )

-The preceding letter must have a suitable diacritic, i.e. dammah for waaw, fat-ha for alif, kasra for yaa

-The reciter must stop after the word being recited in order to sound this madd 4 or 6 counts

-The reciter can sound this madd for 2 counts whether they are stopping or not, but generally, 2 counts are sounded only when the reciter wishes to continue.

In the special case where a fat-ha precedes the harf madd yaa or waaw, it becomes known as al-madd al-leen, covered in this post. Al-madd al-leen has the same principles as al-madd al-‘aarid lil sukoon.

Examples of al-madd al-‘aarid lil sukoon:

yastawfooon

al-‘aalameeen

al-fasaaad

Resources Link:

Sukoon [Gatway To Arabic: page 48]

– ‘Jadwal Al-Mudood’, seventh madd listed

– ‘Tajweed Basics Foundations And More’ covers a range of mudood

Note, these documents are found on the resources page.

Related Posts: Ahkaam Al-Madd – Al-Madd Al-Tabee’ee – Al-Madd Al-Waajib Al-Mutasil – Al-Madd Al-Jaa’ez Al-Munfasil – Al-Madd Al-’Iwad – Al-Madd Al-BadalAl-Madd Al-Leen – Al-Madd Al-Silah: Kubra & Sughra – Al-Madd Al-Laazim: Kalimee – Al-Madd Al-Laazim: Harfee.


[1] Al-Madd Al-‘Aarid Lil Sukoon: المد العارد للسكون

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3 Responses to “Al-Madd Al-‘Aarid Lil Sukoon”

  1. Isbani Says:

    Salaam. Good to know. I always considered this madd al leen. But, I thought only tawasut and tul were permissible when stopping. The post is saying that you can do qasr when stopping too?

    • heesbees Says:

      Wa Alaykum Asalam!
      If by tawasut, tul and qasr you mean about the length of the madd, then yes of course… you can do 2 counts whether you wish to continue or stop (but usually that’s a bit hard to do unless you generally read quickly). Also, it is preferred that 2 counts be only done when you’re continuing.

      Hope this helps… correct me if I’m wrong 🙂

  2. tqreflection Says:

    JazakAllahu Khairan Katheeran
    I had to give a presentation on the madud in my tajweed class this week. Pretty much reproduced your posts. Alhamdolillah it went pretty well.


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