Whether you’re doing the splits, visiting Split, or eating a banana split, you can’t go past sounding a [split] permissible prolongation!
Al-Madd Al-Jaa’ez Al-Munfasil: Permissible prolongation, occurs when a word ends with a harf madd (ا or ي or و) and is followed by a word that begins with hamza (ء).
The name here has come about because of it’s rule. Madd means to prolong. Jaa’ez means permissible. Munfasil means detached/separated.
What is meant by munfasil? The madd is sounded over two words, i.e. the finger space between two words should be sounded with a madd.
What is meant by jaa’ez? It is not obligatory to sound this madd. The harf madd can be just sounded for it’s normal length of two counts, i.e. the time it takes to say “one-two”.
Therefore, when you come across a madd jaa’ez munfasil, you have three options:
1. To skip it and just sound the harf madd for 2 counts
2. To sound it for 4 counts
3. To sound it for 5 counts
To reiterate it’s conditions:
1. Must be over two words (if it is in one word, it becomes a madd waajib mutasil)
2. It is not compulsory to sound it
3. If you choose to sound it, you must do so always for the same length, i.e. either 4 or 5 counts, but not both
Examples of a madd jaa’ez munfasil:
Important note on Quranic scripture: words that have “yaa” ( يا ) before them are usually connected as seen in the following example. However they are still two words, and the ruling of madd jaa’ez munfasil must be applied to it.
yaa ayyuhal naasu
yaaaa ayyuhal naasu
–‘Jadwal Al-Mudood’, third madd listed
-‘Tajweed Basics Foundations And More’ covers a range of mudood
Note, these documents are found on the resources page.
Related Posts: Ahkaam Al-Madd – Al-Madd Al-Tabee’ee – Al-Madd Al-Waajib Al-Mutasil – Al-Madd Al-‘Iwad – Al-Madd Al-
Badal – Al-Madd Al-Leen – Al-Madd Al-‘Aarid Lil Sukoon – Al-Madd Al-Silah: Kubra & Sughra – Al-Madd Al-Laazim: Kalimee – Al-Madd Al-Laazim: Harfee.