Al-Madd Al-‘Iwad

NOTE: if you are new to the website, please click here for a brief guide.

Have you ever wondered why many people have opted to take the escalator instead of stairs? Have we compensated health for convenience? Will you sound this compensated madd?

Al-Madd Al-‘Iwad: compensated prolongation, occurs only at the end of a word that has tanween fat-h.

It’s conditions are as follow:

1. A word ends with tanween fat-h (  اً  ) which has caused the word to end with the letter alif (  ا  )

2. You will stop after this word (e.g. you have reached the end of an ayah)

3. You must prolong the alif for two counts without pronouncing the tanween fat-h

4. This madd is void if you are not stopping after the word, i.e. you sound the tanween fat-h and continue reading

Let’s take a look at some examples and view the above conditions practically.

Examples of madd ‘iwad:

madd iwad pic


madd iwad 2 pic‘athaaban aleemaa

madd iwad 3 picithan abadaa

‘aleeman khabeeraa

Here you can see how the madd becomes void when you are continuing onto the next word, and how it is sounded when you are stopping. Of course, what ever you do, keep in mind that this madd is only for tanween fat-h. You definitely do not say a madd when it is tanween damm or kasr.

Resources link:

‘Jadwal Al-Mudood’, fourth madd listed

-‘Tajweed Basics Foundations And More’ covers a range of mudood

Tanween [Gatway To Arabic: pages 40-43]

Note, these documents are found on the resources page.

Related Posts: Ahkaam Al-Madd – Al-Madd Al-Tabee’ee – Al-Madd Al-Waajib Al-MutasilAl-Madd Al-Jaa’ez Al-Munfasil Al-Madd Al-
– Al-Madd Al-LeenAl-Madd Al-‘Aarid Lil Sukoon – Al-Madd Al-Silah: Kubra & Sughra – Al-Madd Al-Laazim: Kalimee – Al-Madd Al-Laazim: Harfee.


8 thoughts on “Al-Madd Al-‘Iwad

  1. One of the most important part of tajweed. I tend to forget to do this madd all the time. I read quran correctly only when I remember this mistake while reading, other times I am back to repeating same mistake :(. Trying hard to root this mistake out forever, but it looks impossible. Hope Allah helps me out on this.

    Wallahu A3lam

    • Subhanallah. I didn’t think it’d be so hard to forget this madd.
      When ending at an ayah, doesn’t it feel hard to just stop without sounding the alif in replacement of the tanween ?
      I used to have the opposite problem, I would sound this madd for more than two counts which ruined the tone I read in. Alhamdulilah now it’s fixed, only because of increased practice, positive mindset, and tawakul on Allah.

  2. Assalamu alaikum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh

    Great resources, Masha Allaah. But it looks like you left out the exception, the ‘Taa Marbutah’.

    Jazaakallaahu khaira

  3. Assalamu alaikum, I forgot to add that it would also be great for you post an example of where the Alif is omitted but the madd is still applied regardless. (verse 2:22 has two examples of this Tanween fathataan on a humza)

  4. Salamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakathuhu sister, jazakhillahu khairan for all your hard work and effort to help others. I have found it such a valuable tool for my own learning and most importantly for my revision.

    BarakAllah feek

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s