Al-Madd Al-Laazim: Harfee

NOTE: if you are new to the website, please click here for a brief guide.

This post is a continuation from the previous: Al-Madd Al-Laazim: Kalimee

If you’ve made it to this point… then know that you’re just 6 counts away from finishing the foundational tajweed rules! 🙂 One last omph and you can badge up a .:mujawwid/ah:. tag and stick it on your galaabeeyah 🙂

Al-Madd Al-Laazim Al-Harfee: letter based necessary prolongation is the second branch of al-madd al-laazim. This posts discusses the difference between al-madd al-laazim harfee mukhfaffaf and harfee muthaqal as outlined in the diagram.

Both types of madd laazim harfee only apply to those chapters in the Quran that start with letters. Some of these surahs include Surat Al-Baqarah, Surat Maryam, and Surat Qaaf. Each surah begins with letters that have a special case, all of which the al-madd al-laazim tajweed rule covers.

First it should be noted that there are 3 exceptions.

The first of which is the letter alif ( ا ). This letter is not prolonged, rather it is said plainly: “alif”.

Next, the letters,

ح      ي      ط      هـ      ر

raa,      haa,      taa,      yaa,      haa,

are only prolonged for 2 counts. You can remember these letters by remembering the phrase

حي طهر

hayy tuhr

Note: these letters are not said as they are in the alphabet. Meaning, you do not say yaa’ ( ياء ) rather, only yaa ( يا ) is said. This applies for all 5 letters.

The last exception is the letter ‘ayn (  ع ). This letter, as agreed upon by many scholars, can be prolonged for 2, 4, or 6 counts with 4 counts being the preferred length. I haven’t completely grasped the wisdom behind this – maybe you could input your knowledge of this exception. 🙂

Al-madd al-laazim hafree muthaqal (heavy letter based necessary prolongation) only occurs in one form (in the Quran).  It is where one of the letters (at the opening of a surah) is pronounced using three sounds, where the middle sound is a harf madd and the last sound is merged with the beginning sound of the next letter.

Let’s put this into context. The opening of Surat Al-Baqarah is alif – laam – meem.

One of these letters is pronounced with three sounds. It is laam.


pronounced ( لام )

The first sound is “L” the second, a harf madd is “aa” (for alif) and the third is a meem, “mm”.

The next letter after laam is meem. The last sound of laam is “mm” and the beginning sound of meem is “mm”, hence the two “mm” sounds are merged during recitation, fulfilling the conditions of heavy letter based necessary prolongation.

The example:

alif – laaammeeem

Al-madd al-laazim hafree mukhaffaf (light letter based necessary prolongation) applies to those letters which do not merge. Each letter is prolonged for 6 counts, except where the above exceptions occur. The letters for this type of madd have 3 sounds. The middle is a harf madd, and the end is a saakin (hence why no merging occurs). An example is the letter qaaf.


pronounced ( قافْ )

The first sound is a “Q”. The second a harf madd, “aa” for alif, the third is a saakin faa “ff”.

The letters that apply to this type of madd are,

ن      ق      ص      ع      س      ل      ك      م

meem,    kaaf,    laam,    seen,    ‘ayn,    saad,    qaaf,    noon

You can remember these letters by remembering the phrase,

نقصَ عَسَلُكُم

naqasa ‘asalukum

Examples of light letter based necessary prolongation are as follow [where cts = counts]:

haa meeem

2 cts  –  6 cts

kaaaf haa yaa ‘ayyn saaad

6 cts – 2 cts – 2 cts – 4 cts – 6 cts

‘ayyn seeen qaaaf

4 cts – 6 cts – 6 cts


6 cts

I’ve run out of breath. Hope everything makes sense.

If you need any clarifications, buzz through. 🙂

Resources Link:

– ‘Jadwal Al-Mudood’, ninth madd listed

– ‘Tajweed Basics Foundations And More’ covers a range of mudood

Note, these documents are found on the resources page.

Related Posts: Ahkaam Al-Madd – Al-Madd Al-Tabee’ee – Al-Madd Al-Waajib Al-Mutasil – Al-Madd Al-Jaa’ez Al-Munfasil – Al-Madd Al-’Iwad – Al-Madd Al-Badal – Al-Madd Al-Leen – Al-Madd Al-’Aarid Lil Sukoon – Al-Madd Al-Laazim: Kalimee.


13 thoughts on “Al-Madd Al-Laazim: Harfee

  1. As salaamu alaikum,

    so are you learning from a paper book? If so which one? I would like to get one because all mine tajweed stuff is on pdf. Also, have you ever thought about studying the qiraat? If there’s a teacher around you may want to look into it. It’s as awesome as tajweed X 10!

    • To be honest, my mother hafithaullah taught me tajweed. I took this information and wrote it in Arabic and English in my notebook and one day decided to transfer it onto this website. I had a few other teachers fine tune my reading, and provide me with a number of resources, but my role as a student with them did not last very long.
      Now alhamdulilah, I’m drawing my attention to bettering my reading to the highest possible attainable by the will of Allah. My next step would be to do hifith… Then look into the qira’aat. I’ve heard them, learned a bit about them, yet I find there’s a journey to be taken before I can reach that point.

      A tajweed book which I still learn from, and highly recommend is

      (المذكرة في التجويد (برواية حفص عن عاصم

      It is the last book noted in this website’s page.
      I have the book version of it, it appears that there is a pdf version of it that you can print out. My book version has different page numbers and slightly different layout, although I think the information is mainly the same when compared to the online pdf.
      I won’t deny the way it’s set up was confusing for me at first. I should also note that it is in Arabic, so you do need to be fluent in Arabic… 🙂 When I stumble sometimes, I get ummi to help out. Nowadays I’m beginning to read it in Arabic and translate to English what is relevant so that I can benefit and insha Allah post it on this website, soon.

      Just a last note, a series called “Easy Quran Reading”, website here, is soooo veerrryyy good. I am referring to the English soft cover version of the book. I started off with it although I knew very well my Arabic letters and words. This book does 2 things, the first, it improves the connecting of words to form smooth sentences, and 2nd it helps you realise where the tajweed rules are in words/sentences, and which letters should be pronounced with heaviness and deepness (mufakham letters) and which letters should be pronounced lightly (muraqaq letters). It focuses on the articulation points, which people sometimes find very difficult to get hold of, and by the end of the book you’ll be reading out of as you’d read out of the Quran (as this book gets verses from the Quran itself towards the end), and you’ll be more aware of…everything important, really.

      The website says that book is currently out of stock, but I know a reseller here in Australia who has some in stock if you’re interested.
      I hope I haven’t made this reply too long and overwhelming…

      Insha Allah now I can continue putting up some posts as June this year has been an all time low 😦

      P.S. If you’re more specifically wanting an English Tajweed book, then let me know, I’ll dig out one to recommend to you.

      • UPDATE: the link I posted for Al-Muthakarah fil Tajweed has had updates made to it.
        I have put a link to that book up on the resources page, instead. The book is still accessible from that link, however, it’s just not the last one anymore…

      • Masha Allah, he was a great poet, Sulaiman… I was actually studying the Jazareeyah for quite some time last year, Ibnul Jazaree has done such an amazing job putting his poem together, too.

        I think the book you’re translating from is very interesting. I quite like how it is set out, I think it’s very coherent, but it does rely on a little bit on pre-gained knowledge because it doesn’t go into great depth.
        Insha Allah your Spanish tajweed blog comes together really nicely. And insha Allah you’ll soon start reading from the Muthakarah book! 🙂

  2. Yeah post one up if you see a good one in English. I saw a three volume set that looked really comprehensive on Darus Salaam, but I wanted a recommendation before I bought it.

    • Salaams…

      Buzzing back.. I had a look at the three books, and I did ask around in case others had an idea about those books. One sister who has learned tajweed did refer me back to those three books. She said that scholars really recommend them and that “they are fantastic”.
      My brief encounter from the preview that Darrus-salam had was okay, I felt a tiny bit reluctant though to go ahead and give them the thumbs up.
      However, I do trust the sister who told me about them…so they probably are good. I couldn’t help you too much on this one, as I’ve only learnt tajweed in Araby and have done my own translations (I’m thinking this is mainly because of the lack of decent (enough for a very picky me) English tajweed sites…??)

      Let me know if you end up getting them, and how “good” they are..

  3. Mashallah this is well detailed and explained. I am a high school student having a exam at my madrassah this week inshallah, and i was browsing for some good well detailed websites on tajweed rules. Inshallah these notes will help me to get a high result in the exam.
    Jazzakullahu khair

    • Asalamu Alaykum Rayhanna!
      Alhamdulilah, I am so glad that the posts have helped you! High school wasn’t many years ago for me (I’m a uni student now), I remember going to madrassah every Sunday to learn Arabic and tajweed, and dreading those end of term exams, but alhamdulilah, I had a very good teacher, and I got good marks always. I hope this, too, is the case for your exams. I have you in my du‘aa; insha Allah you do well, and you become one of the scholars of the Quran! Aameen! Wa iyyakum. 🙂

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